Turkish (or Türkçe) is the official language of Turkey and spoken by 60 million people, or about 90% of the country’s total population—with Kurdish being spoken by the remaining percentage. It is also one of the official languages of Cyprus and recognized as an idiom spoken in some areas of the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo and, in small measure, the Western Thrace region of Greece. Turkish-speaking minorities can be also found in countries that, either in whole or in part, were once under Ottoman rule. A significant number of Turkish-speaking communities are found in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. It must be noted, however, that younger generations of Turks in these host countries are becoming culturally assimilated and, thus, increasingly losing fluency in their parents’ native language.