Russian (or Русский язык, transliteral: russkij jazyk) is one of the three East Slavic languages, with the other two being Ukrainian and Belarusan, of the Indo-European family. It is the largest native language in Europe, and one of the six official languages of the United Nations. It is the official language of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. It is also widely spoken in the Ukraine, by about 750,000 Jews formerly residing in the ex-Soviet Union and now living in Israel, in small communities throughout Western Europe, the Baltic States, North America and Oceania. It is also the de facto official language in ethnic enclaves throughout the Caucasus region, and has a co-official status in Moldova and a few communes in Romania.