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Is Romanian inflected?

Romanian is highly inflected. Romanian verbs are conjugated for person, number, tense, mood, voice. Each article, noun, adjective and pronoun has at least 6 forms: 3 cases (nominative, accusative, genitive) X 2 numbers (singular, plural)

Are there genders?

Every noun can be one of three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. All adjectives, pronouns and articles have all three genders and three cases: the nominative-accusative, the genitive-dative, and marginally the vocative. Instead of functioning as a separate gender with its own forms in adjectives, the Romanian neuter gender became a mixture of masculine and feminine. Like the other Romance languages, Romanian verbs have a compound perfect and future tenses.

How flexible is word order in Romanian?

Romanian has no strict word order. Although the usual word order in sentences is subject–verb–object (SVO), sentence structure can be far more flexible than in English. Romanian has four verbal conjugations which are further subdivided into ten conjugation patterns.

How are questions asked?

Romanian questions are formed without auxiliary verbs, but by flexing the voice down and up during uttering the question.

Are there sounds that are hard to pronounce for English native speakers?

Moderately to low difficulty here. Most letters are pronounced a single way. There are a few sounds, such as groups “ea” that do not exist in English but most students succeed in pronouncing them with a little practice.

Are words longer, shorter or about the same as in English?

The average Romanian word contains more letters than the average English word.

How similar is Romanian vocabulary to that of English?

Romanian and English share several thousand cognates.

What is the language family?

Romanian is a Romance language, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family, having much in common with languages such as French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.

Does Romanian use more or fewer words than English?

The average modern Romanian sentence may contain 15-20% more words than its English translation.

Does Romania use the imperial (inches, gallons, Fahrenheit) or the metric system?

Metric (kilograms, meters, liters, Celcius degrees, etc.)

Does the Romanian alphabet contain special characters?

The Romanian alphabet is based on the Latin script with five additional letters Ă, Â, Î, Ș, Ț. Formerly, there were as many as 12 additional letters, but some of them were abolished in subsequent reforms.

Are there short and long vowels?

Most Romanian vowels are short.

On the average, do Romanians speak faster than Americans?

Yes, on the average, native Romanian speakers speak faster than English speakers.

Is each letter of the alphabet pronounced always in the same way?

Yes, with a few exceptions, ce, ci, ge, gi, che, chi, ghe, ghi.

Are all words stressed more or less on the same syllable?

Romanian has a stress accent, like almost all other Romance languages. Generally, the stress falls on the rightmost syllable of a prosodic word (that is, the root and derivational material but excluding inflections and final inflectional vowels). While a lexically marked stress pattern with penultimate stress exists, any morphologically derived forms will continue to follow the unmarked pattern.

Does Your Language Use the So-Called Title Case?

There is no ‘Title’ case in Romanian. Only the first letter of the first word is capitalized in headings.


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