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Archive for September, 2014


Comma, Period, Colon and Hyphen

Comma, Period, Colon and Hyphen

comma: a piece which is cut off. In rhetoric, comma originally meant ‘part of a sentence’ or ‘short phrase’, and later acquired the meaning of the punctuation mark we all know. (from Greek komma, from koptein “to cut off,” from PIE root *kop– “to beat, strike”) period: period means ‘recurring portion’ or ‘cycle’. The recurring portions of speech are sentences. […]


German – A Brief Overview, Part 3, Literature

German – A Brief Overview, Part 3, Literature

German Literature German literature comprises a monumental body of work written in Germany itself, as well German-speaking Austria and Switzerland. Its production spans almost two millennia, starting with works produced in the Middle High German period of the High Middle Ages. Remarkable, among an impressive collection, are the works of the Enlightenment and the Weimar Classicism […]


German – A Brief Overview, Part 2, Dialects and Lexicon

German – A Brief Overview, Part 2, Dialects and Lexicon

German Dialects The spoken language comprised a variety of dialects, which, although a continuum of High German and Low German or Saxon were, nevertheless, often unintelligible to outsiders of a particular geographical area. Although local dialects are still used in oral communication on a regional scale, the official Standard German, also called Hochdeutsch, is used in […]


German – A Brief Overview, Part 1

German – A Brief Overview, Part 1

German (or Deutsch) is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European family. It is spoken by about 100 million people, primarily in Germany, where 95% of the population claims it as their first language, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Luxembourg. It is also the idiom of choice of communities located in South Tyrol region of Italy, […]


Spanish – A Brief Overview, Part 3, Literature

Spanish – A Brief Overview, Part 3, Literature

  Spanish Alphabet Spanish uses the Latin alphabet, with the addition of the character ñ. Lexical similarity with other Romance ‎language is as follows: 89% with Portuguese, 82 % with Italian, 75% with French, and 71% with Romanian.‎ Spanish Literature Due to historical and geographical diversity, Spanish literature is extremely diverse. For the purpose of […]